Name: Memorial of the Heroes fighting for the Independence of Georgia, executed by Bolsheviks in 1923
Location: Vake Park, Tbilisi, Georgia
Temporary information boards indicate the place, where memorial will be erected. The memorial will be devoted to the patriots executed on that very place in 1923.
The large board on the wall includes Georgian-language information. The written part sounds as:
“On this place on May 20, 1923 Bolsheviks executed heroes devoted to the independence of Georgia:
General Konstantin Abkhazi
General Alexander Andronikashvili
Major General Gregory Tsulukidze
Colonel George Khimshiashvili
Colonel Rostom Muskhelishvili
Colonel George (Gogi) Khimshiashvili
Colonel Alexander Machavariani
Colonel Elizbar Gulisashvili
Captain of Cavalry Dimitri Chrdileli
Captain of Cavalry Simon (Simonika) Bagration-Mukhraneli
Officer Levan Klimiashvili
Officer Parnaoz Kharalashvili
Officer Nikoloz Zandukeli
Nobility Council of Georgia
Here will be erected a church according to the decision of Patriarchate of Georgia”.
Paint handwritten “1923” indicates year of their execution.
Damaged information on the ground states that the monument will be constructed on this place.
Additional information: In February 1921 Russian Red Army attacked Democratic Republic of Georgia. Despite desperate fight of Georgian army, Russia occupied the country and imposed own rule. Georgian nobility and various groups continued resistance. One of them was Military Center of Independence committee, members of which were Georgian officers. They planned organization of the rebellion and destruction of the Red Army. But they were arrested ,convicted for the attempt of anti-Soviet rebellion and executed on the territory of Vake Park.
It is said that they sang Anthem of Democratic Republic of Georgia – Glory before the execution.
The memorial represents a black marble stone with the inscription into Georgian language. It states: “Dedicated to the Memory of those, who died on April 9, 1989”.
Additional information: The memorial is devoted to the victims of the tragedy, which occurred On April 9, 1989. On that day Soviet army attacked to the peaceful protesters in front of the Parliament House, Tbilisi, Georgia. Thousands of people on Rustaveli Avenue demanded restoration of independence of Georgia. Militaries used spades, tanks and poisoned gas. As a result, 21 persons died – 17 women and 4 men. Their age range: from 16 to 61 years old. among them a pregnant woman, schoolgirls, students).
This photo is taken at #117 Agmashenebeli Street, Tbilisi, Georgia. It states:
Georgian military figure, member of Military Center of Independence Committee, Major-General Varden Tsulukidze (1865-1923) lived in this house.
On May 20, 1923 he was executed for preparation of anti-Soviet rebellion, along with other members of the Military Center.
General Tsulukidze was a prominent Georgian military figure. He served in the military forces, first under Russian Empire, then as officer of Democratic Republic of Georgia. After the Soviet occupation, along with other commanders, formed Military Center, which aimed to liberate Georgia from Bolsheviks. They represented military and public leaders of Georgia: Head of Independence Committee of Georgia – Nikoloz Kartsivadze, General Kote Abkhazi, General Alexander Andronikashvili, Colonel Rostom Muskhelishvili, Colonel George Khimshiashvili and others.
Meanwhile, Bolsheviks discovered the group and executed its members on the territory of Vake Park, Tbilisi.
February 25 is a tragic date of Georgia – day of Soviet occupation. In 1921, exactly 95 years ago Red army invaded Democratic Republic of Georgia. We lost our sovereignty, lost freedom and chance of integration with developed world. Despite the resistance, Georgian army lost war, government escaped to emigration and Soviet rule was imposed over Georgia. Even now, after 25 years of independent history, we have memories, places, affairs related to the Soviet past. But we re-evaluate recollections and remember those, who had been forgotten for political reasons: artists, public figures, talented professionals, ordinary citizens – mothers, brothers, sisters, daughters and sons, grandfathers, patriots who loved their country and sacrificed themselves for its freedom; those who became victims of Soviet repressions and whose names had been banned for decades. The visualisation shows approximate numbers of victims of Soviet period, before the death of Joseph Stalin (1953). Continue reading “Museum of Soviet Occupation in Tbilisi”→