Name: Field Cathedral of the Polish Army
Denomination: Roman Catholic
Location: Długa Street 13/15, Warsaw, Poland
Initial construction date: 1660-1701
Architet: Constantino Tencalla
Details: Field Cathedral of the Polish Army is located in Warsaw, Poland, next to Warsaw Uprising Memorial. It represents a historical church constructed and finalized between 1660-1701 period. The building has been changed for several times, among them in 1834, when Russian authorities converted it into the orthodox church and named after Holy Trinity. The church underwent considerable changes, including architectural (Russian-style “onion” domes were added to the towers) and internal (destroyed and orthodox frescoes were made instead of existing ones).
During 1915-1918 German army used the church as a depot. Afterwards it was reconstructed into the original design and became a cathedral, the seat of the Field Bishop of the Polish Army. World War II brought another wave of destruction and church served as s field hospital. On August 20, 1944 German aerial attack totally destroyed it.
The church was restored in 1946-1960 period. Now it remains as one of the 3 cathedrals of Warsaw and official institution of the Field Bishot of the Polish Army.
One part of the church is devoted to the victims of the Katyn Massacre. About 7000 names of those, who had been killed at Katyn my Soviet army, are displayed on the wall.
One wall is devoted to the commemoration of the Smolensk Tragedy.
The museum located in the underground part of the church exposes exhibitions related capelans and their service in the Polish army. It consists of several halls, where the visitors can see religious and military items related to the capelans’ service, different moments of the history.